No one web page, or even one book, can cover all the information available regarding the care of your pup. But we can share with you here some of the basics.
Keep in mind that you need to work with the Yorkie’s nature and temperament. When you do so, you’ll find your pup is smart and easily trained.
Congratulations! Your new puppy is coming home. Remember that they are leaving everything they ever knew, saw, or loved behind. Brothers and sisters, Mom, Dad and "home" are all gone now. Puppy is coming into a new strange home, with new people, new surroundings, new obstacles, new scents and new threats. Be very patient with your new puppy because it may be very afraid and will probably whine, whimper and probably bark a little until the newness wears off. YOU must step in and be there for your new baby. YOU must take the place of Mom, Dad, siblings and friend right off the bat. YOU must give your puppy the required attention to acclimate him/her with as little hardship as possible, both to you and the puppy. You have taken the time to invest in a purebred animal and are beginning a new relationship and you have just brought home your new best friend. Be loving and kind always and NEVER strike your puppy.
PREPARE FOR THE PUPPY’S ARRIVAL
Where will your puppy live? Will it have access to the entire house or just to certain rooms? If limited access, do you need some baby gates in place?
Your puppy needs a comfortable bed, something that will also fit the pup when it is grown, and something washable.
A good supply of fresh, clean water needs to be at hand, as well as a separate food dish. You want a dish that's solid and easy to wash, such as stainless steel or crockery.
A crate for your puppy is an excellent aid in making housetraining easier. It also provides your pup with a safe, secure den.
Your pup needs toys of its own, stuffed (clean) toys, as well as something hollow that you can stuff with goodies, such as a Kong.
Grooming supplies your pup will need include the appropriate brushes, shampoo, toenail clippers, a toothbrush and doggy toothpaste.
For your Yorkie’s collar, you need to obtain an I.D. Tag with your name and phone number.
And you need to select a veterinarian.
Puppy-Proof your yard for the pup. Be sure there are no spaces a tiny Yorkie can escape through. And be sure a curious pup does not have access to poisonous baits, pesticides, fertilizers, and rat poisonings.
Puppy-Proof your house by keeping out of reach of your pup pine oil and other cleaners, perfumes, aftershaves, medications, vitamins, craft supplies, electric cords, chicken or turkey bones, chocolate, onions, and some plants such as ivy, oleander and poinsettia.
SOME PUPPY FIRSTS
Feed the puppy what it has been eating, especially for the first days. If you want to change the food, introduce the new one slowly and gradually.
An excellent first collar for a tiny Yorkie is a nylon buckle collar. It’s lightweight and inexpensive and available in a variety of colors. Find the correct size by measuring around the puppy’s neck and then add two inches to that total. You can expect to replace the collar as the puppy grows. Adjustable collars are usually too bulky for a tiny Yorkie neck.
And, again, have an I.D. Tag on that collar, with your name and phone number.
As for a leash, choose a nylon leash that features a swivel and safety snap. If you’re partial to leather, wait till the puppy is through teething, which usually occurs in the sixth month.
THE FIRST FEW NIGHTS
The first few nights in a new home can be a scary experience for a puppy who is used to sleeping in the cozy nest with his litter mates.
In the wild, when young cubs are isolated from their pack, they become very emotional and begin whining, barking or howling. If they are hung up in the brush, they'll dig and chew to free themselves and be reunited with the pack. These behaviors are genetically based and increase the changes of survival.
Do not scold your puppy at first for crying at night. Instead, reassure him. Crying is a perfectly normal reaction, under the circumstances. The first few nights call for greater indulgence. Do not however remove puppy from his crate WHEN he is crying, as he will learn very quickly that CRYING = REMOVAL.
YORKIES THRIVE ON ATTENTION & SHOULD NOT BE LEFT ALONE FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME
Your pup needs attention and guidance. If it is left alone for most of the day, it will find ways to get your attention that are not desirable. If you must leave the dog alone for much of the day, having specific people stop by and visit and play with the pup on a regular basis will help bring out the best in your Yorkie.
PUPS DO WELL WITH A ROUTINE
Most puppies do their best if they have a routine to their lives. They need regular periods of time for sleeping, eating, and playing.
Your pup needs to be vaccinated regularly. Your veterinarian will put your dog on a proper schedule as well as remind you when to bring the dog in for shots.
PREVENTIVE CARE PAYS OFF
Work with your veterinarian and use your common sense to minimize risks and health problems for the pup. Use vet-recommended flea, tick and heartworm medications. Feed the dog a nutritious diet and give your dog sufficient exercise, training, grooming and socialization.
TRAINING AND PUNISHMENT
Training a dog to do what you want is best done with a rewards system. Many dogs understand exactly what is wanted, but do not see “the point” in doing it. Punishment may work – but only when the dog has to behave. When you’re not around, the dog will then find it easy to “forget” what you’ve taught it. Better to make the action worthwhile for the dog. They want to please you but a punishment method can set up resentment and your training may fail. Use a reward system and watch the pup do its best for you.
When a dog first comes home try to have someone available as much as possible. Correcting every single mistake about where a dog relieves itself is an excellent foundation for future behavior. Let the dog know where it can go – and where it cannot, then greatly reward it for doing the right thing.
KIDS AND PUPPIES
Love and pay attention to your puppy, but don't over-handle the animal. Give special attention to young children and your new puppy. Teach them the proper and gentle way to handle their new "buddy". Explain to them the dangers of leaving a puppy alone and unattended on a sofa or bed. Emphasize with them how "carefully" they must step and watch for the unsuspecting puppy on the floor. Show them the proper way to pick up and hold the puppy, etc. Always control the amount of time a puppy is handled and try to remember that puppies usually have TWO SPEEDS...full blash and crash (zzzzz). Rest is very important for puppy, as important as a good diet and lots of love.
BEST WISHES ON SHARING A LONG AND HEALTHY LIFE WITH YOUR YORKIE!